SDG 15: Life On Land
Sustainable Developmental Goal 15 (SDG 15) aims to protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.
The World Bank defines forest area as land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 metres in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.
In the 2010-2015 period, the average forest area (per cent of land area) has been fairly constant across the Commonwealth countries in various regions of the world – Europe (~11%), Asia (~33%), Africa (~30%), Pacific (~41%) and Caribbean and Americas (~46%). On average, Commonwealth countries in the Caribbean and Americas had the highest forest area (46.12% of land area) in 2015, while member states in Europe had the lowest at 10.93%.